Children are among the most vulnerable groups using roads. The reason for this is due to lack of proper playgrounds and sidewalks. So they use the roads to play and also due to the lack of proper supervision. Globally the percentage of child injuries and deaths due to road mishaps accounts for about 21 percent. In low income this percentage increases tremendously to about 30 to 40 percent. 41 percent of children in India die every year in transportation accidents. One child is injured or killed in road accidents in India every 5 minutes
Pedestrian are subjected to high risk of Highway crashes and injuries due to inadequate enforcements of traffic rules, negligence shown towards specific pedestrian requirements while designing roads.
Cyclists are also subjected to similar vulnerabilities on road due to their visibility on roads, non existence of separate bicycle lane, excessive vehicle speed and other careless driving. Injuries to the head and neck are most common for cyclists during road mishaps.
The issue of road safety is very important for all two wheel riders as they constitute the largest casualty group among all road users. The major reasons for higher risk faced by these two wheel riders on the road is due to lesser visibility for other road users, minimal protection provided by the motorcycle that they ride, greater control required maneuvering the vehicle in comparison to cars or heavy motor vehicles.